Perch, Yellow – Maryland, Fyke Net
Yellow Perch is primarily a freshwater species of fish. They are found throughout much of the east and mid-west regions of the US and Canada, but also have adapted to the estuarine waters of the Chesapeake Bay. They are fast growing and reach sexual maturity within two to three years.
In Maryland fishing for Yellow Perch primarily occurs in the upper Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries. Assessments of Yellow Perch in fished areas indicate that fishing is occurring at a sustainable level. The fishery is managed using total allowable catch limits.
Most Yellow Perch are caught with fyke nets, a fishing method that causes little damage to bottom habitats. The biggest concern in this fishery is that bycatch is not documented, so the fishery’s impact on other non-target wildlife remains uncertain.
This fish may have moderately high levels of mercury and PCBs that could pose a health risk to adults and children. More info here about mercury and PCBs in Yellow Perch. Check out our mercury in seafood section.