Turbot/Halibut, Greenland (Hirame) – Alaska
Greenland Turbot (also called Greenland Halibut) are found in the northern regions of the North Pacific and North Atlantic Oceans. In the North Pacific, Greenland Turbot are mostly found in western Alaska, within the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands (BSAI).
Greenland Turbot grow slowly, may live for more than 30 years, and reach sexual maturity between 5 and 10 years of age. The abundance of Greenland Turbot in Alaska has been declining, which is cause for concern. However, managers have recently reduced fishing levels and fishing is expected to be sustainable going forward.
Bottom longlines and bottom trawls are used to catch Greenland Turbot. Bottom longlines cause moderate damage to seafloor habitats while bottom trawls result in high damage. However, there are numerous spatial restrictions in place that limit the use of bottom gears, which helps mitigate these habitat impacts. The fishery catches some non-target species, but none are of high conservation concern.