Oyster, Eastern – U.S. Gulf of Mexico
Eastern Oysters are found along the eastern coast of North America, from Canada to Mexico, including the Gulf of Mexico and some Caribbean islands. They grow very quickly, reach sexual maturity within several months, and can release tens of millions of eggs each year.
Most of the U.S. catch of Eastern Oysters occurs in the Gulf of Mexico. Abundance of Eastern Oysters appears stable, but can vary greatly over time. Management measures are in place throughout the Eastern Oyster’s range.
Fishermen typically use dredges or hand gear to catch Eastern Oysters, with the former method causing damage to bottom habitats. Bycatch in Eastern Oyster fisheries is low.