Drum, Black- U.S. Gulf of Mexico
Black Drum is a large, shallow water species, growing up to 1.2 m (4 ft) in length and 54 kg (120 lbs) in weight. They are found in the western Atlantic from Canada to Argentina, including the Gulf of Mexico. Black Drum grows at slow to moderate rates, becomes sexually mature around 5 years and may live for 40 years.
Most commercial fishing for Black Drum in the Gulf of Mexico occurs in Louisiana and Texas state waters. The abundance of Black Drum is likely at a moderate to high level in Louisiana state waters, while abundance levels in other Gulf of Mexico states are unknown.
Management of Black Drum is done at the state level, with measures ranging from gear restrictions, minimum and maximum size limits, and catch limits. Black Drum are caught using trotlines, which is a specialized type of longline that is fished on the bottom in shallow waters. This fishing method causes moderate habitat damage and results in some bycatch.