Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Cod, Atlantic – U.S., Bottom Trawl, Gillnet and Longline

Atlantic Cod are a species of groundfish that can live more than 20 years. They are found throughout the North Atlantic, and have been heavily fished for centuries driving some populations to historic low levels.

In the U.S. Gulf of Maine and Georges Bank, the abundance of Atlantic Cod is low and overfishing continues to occur, despite improved management efforts in recent years. Recovery is expected to be slow for Atlantic Cod populations.

Fishermen use a variety of fishing gears to catch Atlantic Cod including bottom trawls, gillnets, and longlines. These fisheries catch several species of concern and have a moderate to high impact on bottom habitats. Atlantic Cod caught with more selective handline gear is rated yellow.

Full species report here.