Capelin (Masago, Smelt Roe) – Canada
Capelin are saltwater fish that live in cold water. Capelin’s range extends to the waters around the North Pole, called a circumpolar distribution.
The Capelin fishery is one of the largest in the world. Capelin grow fast, reproducing at 3-4 years of age, then they die. Most Capelin is caught using purse seines, which causes little habitat damage. However, some Capelin are caught with traps nets, which can cause moderate damage to bottom habitats. The amount of non-target species caught in the Canadian fisheries is uncertain.
Capelin is an important source of food for many seabirds, marine mammals and commercially important fish species.