Bass, Striped – US Atlantic, Hook and Line
Atlantic striped bass is an anadromous game and commercial fish species found in coastal systems and estuaries from the Gulf of St. Lawrence to Florida. This report covers the U.S. Atlantic striped bass fishery on the coastal migratory stock found on the U.S. East Coast.
The Atlantic coastal stock is not thought to be overfished, nor is it experiencing overfishing. Three gear types are typically used to target striped bass: hook and line, gillnet, and pound net. Hook and line gear has minimal bycatch while Gillnet fisheries may catch a variety of other species unintentionally, most concerning of which are shad, sturgeon and weakfish due to depleted or unknown status of the stocks, their documented interactions with the gear and the reduced ability to release fish alive compared to other gear used. Pound nets encounter some bycatch of other species as well, but they are typically released alive. River herring is the main species of concern with pound net gear.
The Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission (ASMFC) manages the coastwide migratory stock moderately well. Gillnet and pound net gear may disturb the seafloor to some extent, but hook and line typically has little interaction with the ocean floor. Efforts are underway to better account for predatorprey relationships (e.g., striped bass and menhaden) during the fishery management process, through ecosystem-based management approaches.