Species has a combination of problems such as overfishing, high bycatch, and poor management.
Anchovy, European – Mediterranean and Black Seas (excluding the Adriatic Sea)

European Anchovy are small, pelagic schooling fish (meaning they swim in groups near the surface) found throughout the eastern Atlantic Ocean and its associated seas.

In the Mediterranean and Black Seas, the abundance of European Anchovy relative to abundance conservation goals is unknown, but fishing levels on Anchovy are above sustainable levels in several areas. The fisheries that target Anchovy also target Sardine and catch other small pelagic fish, and fishing levels are high on some of these species too. Management of Anchovy fisheries in this region is poor, except in the Adriatic Sea, where a management plan has just been introduced.

The purse seines and pelagic trawls used to capture Anchovy fish at or near the water surface and therefore have little impact on bottom habitats. However, because Anchovies are an important prey species in pelagic food webs, there are concerns about the effects of these fisheries on the food web and overall ecosystem.

Anchovy caught in the Adriatic Sea is rated yellow, but all other anchovy fisheries in this region are rated red.

Full species report here.