Octopus catcher, Misali, Pemba


(above photo: Octopus catcher, Misali, Pemba. © Carl Safina) Overfishing—taking fish and other sea creatures from the ocean faster than they can reproduce—has caused more change to the world’s oceans than any other single factor so far. From… Read More
Read more

Leatherback tangled in fishing nets.


(above photo: Leatherback turtle tangled in fishing nets. © WWF) Bycatch refers to the unwanted sea life fishermen catch when they’re fishing for something else. Fishermen throw the vast majority of the bycatch back to sea dead or… Read More
Read more

grays reef

Fisheries Management

(above photo: Black sea bass in Grays Reef National Marine Sanctuary. © NOAA) How many fish can we take from the ocean? How many should we leave? These are questions that fisheries scientists and managers try to answer…. Read More
Read more

marine debris

Habitat Destruction

(above photo: Discarded fishing nets, ropes and plastic bottles, Tonsina Bay, Alaska. © Carl Safina) A number of human activities can negatively affect the health of ocean habitats and ecosystems, including fishing, the spread of invasive species, and… Read More
Read more

Aquaculture - fish farming.


(above photo © NOAA) Aquaculture—fish farming— is a large and growing industry that could soon outpace wild fish production. In 2012, aquaculture produced an estimated 66 million metric tons of food fish, worth $138 billion. For comparison, commercial fishing hauls in 90 million… Read More
Read more

forage fish

Forage Fish

Forage fish are small fish that play a big role in ocean food webs. Forage fish include species like herring, anchovies, menhaden, sardines, and squid. (above photo: Pelicans on pilings. © Carl Safina) These fish mostly feed on… Read More
Read more